Shogi is one of the most popular and traditional indoor games in Japan. Shogi originated in India, became chess in the West, and is said to have come from China along with Go in the 8th century. The rules of shogi are similar to chess, but the difference is that you can reuse the pieces you have captured as your own. Two players move the wooden pieces in turn on the board, and the first one to fix the opponent’s king wins.
The shogi board is 81 squares (9×9), compared to 64 squares (8×8) in Western chess and 90 points (intersection of 9×10 lines) in Chinese chess. Unlike other chess games, there is no distinction in shogi pieces by color, but the players are called white and black, and black is supposed to move first. The pieces are flat, with Japanese characters printed to indicate rank, and at one end is a pointed end pointing towards the opponent. Shogi is unique among chess variants in that captured pieces are not dead, but can be replayed (“dropped”) as part of the captor’s power, instead of being pointed in the opposite direction and making a move with other pieces already on the chess board. There are certain restrictions on the drop. In particular, pieces can’t be dropped without future movement (at or near the other end), and pawns can’t be dropped in the same row where a player already has a pawn.
At the start of the game, each player has 20 pieces. Nine pieces (fu) are placed in the third row of each player,rook(hisya) is placed one square diagonally from the horns of each player’s right hand, bishop(kaku) is placed one square diagonally from the horns of each player’s left hand, and the rest of the pieces are placed symmetrically along the first row of each player, in the order of spear (kyousha), knight (keima), silver general (ginsyou), gold general (kinsyou), king (ousyou), gold general, silver general, knight, and spear.
It is said that Go originated in China and was introduced to Japan in the 8th century. The two professionals take turns placing black or white stones on a square board with 361 intersections. The player who surrounds the most territory on the board wins. A good player will use a white stone made of shells, while a weaker player can use a black stone called “Nachi” to place the black stone and start the game. The rules of the game are very simple, but there are thousands of tactics that could cause a dramatic upset.
Go, also known as I-go, is probably the oldest board game in the world and is thought to have originated in China about 4,000 years ago. The game was probably brought to Japan around 500 years ago and became popular in the Heian period. Modern games began to emerge in Japan with the subsequent rise of the samurai class. During the Tokugawa period, special status was granted and four highly competitive Go schools were established with government support, establishing Go as a profession. In the first half of the 20th century, Go became increasingly popular in Japan and was also played in China and Korea. After World War II, it became widespread worldwide.